Archive for the ‘Stomach Cancer’ Category

What is Indigestion and Acid Reflux?

Wednesday, August 13th, 2014

Everyone has symptoms of indigestion or acid reflux at some point in their lives. Sometimes it’s referred to as heartburn, but indigestion is simply a discomfort in the upper stomach and esophagus areas. Sometimes this discomfort includes bringing up acids from the stomach, and other times it simply releases air in the form of belching.

Most people use over-the-counter antacid medications like Rolaids or Tums to treat simple heartburn and indigestion. For more severe problems there are also prescription medications and additional medical treatments which can be used.

Indigestion is primarily an uncomfortable feeling in the upper part of your abdomen or chest. Two primary causes of indigestion are eating too quickly or eating too much food at once. In some cases so indigestion can also be caused by eating foods which have too much fatty acid. Drinking too much alcohol however, as well as too many drinks with caffeine in them, were smoking cigarettes can all contribute to indigestion as well. In rare cases indigestion can actually be caused by stomach cancer to, but this is not usually seen in people under the age of 40. The same symptoms of indigestion can be caused by a variety of other health problems to such as obesity, stomach ulcers, and gallstones.

Acid reflux is a more severe form of indigestion and it can indicate additional health problems. Acid reflux normally involves the acidic juices from your stomach traveling back through your esophagus common symptoms of acid reflux are similar to indigestion with some minor differences. If you have a burning sensation rises from your stomach area into your throat for sample, or you frequently bring food back to stomach into your mouth these can be symptoms of acid reflux. Some people will also have problems swallowing properly, or they may experience chest pain and hoarseness. Others may have problems with asthma because the acidic stomach juices can interfere with the air passages of the lungs when they are traveling from the stomach back into the throat and mouth.

People who have frequent acid reflux problems may have a health condition known as esophageal reflux disease (GERD). Instead of digesting food normally in the stomach, people with GERD only partially digest their food, and this causes the contents of the stomach to travel backwards into the esophagus, which often causes inflammation and additional damage.

Many different things can contribute to having chronic acid reflux problems. Like indigestion, acid reflux is often caused by the types of food you eat, and other lifestyle habits you have. Eating a diet high in fatty foods, eating too much chocolate or caffeine, and drinking too much alcohol can all cause acid reflux. Obesity and even pregnancy can contribute to acid reflux as well because these increased the pressure in the body’s abdomen area which pushes the contents of your stomach back into your throat. Acid reflux is more likely to happen when your stomach is full, particularly if your stomach is over full and you lie down.

Both indigestion and acid reflux can be easily control and relieve a simple changes to your diet and lifestyle. Occasionally prescription medications may need to be used, but there are many natural remedies which work quite well also.

Was Napoleon Murdered?

Wednesday, August 13th, 2014

Napoleon Bonaparte died in 1812 at age 52 while in exile on the British island of St. Helena. According to the autopsy performed a day after he died, stomach cancer was the official cause of his death.

Conspiracy Theories

Others believe that he was poisoned by Hudson Lowe the English governor of St. Helena in collusion with French monarchist count de Montholon. It’s said that they were afraid that Napoleon would eventually escape St. Helena, go back to France, and reclaim the throne, bringing about another war between the two countries.

Another theory is that one of Napoleon’s loyal aides purposely made him ill to gain enough sympathy to garner public opinion and allow him to go back to France.

Arsenic is the Smoking Gun

In 2001, a study by the Strasbourg Forensic Institute examined strands of the emperor’s hair and found “major exposure to arsenic.” In fact, these scientists determined that there was at least eight times the normal amount of arsenic found on an average human. At the time of Napoleon’s death, arsenic was a murderer’s common method of poisoning because it was undetectable when administered over a long period of time.

The Poisoned Wallpaper Caper

The poisoning speculation started as far back as the end of the 19th century with Italian scientist Bartolomeo Gosio. He stated that wallpaper containing copper arsenite dye when damp releases a toxic arsenic vapor. Samples of Napoleon’s bedroom wallpaper were found to contain Scheele’s Green pigment. Since the emperor spent most of his time in his bedroom throughout his 20 years in Longwood House on St. Helena, some have concluded that continuous exposure to arsenic vapor caused his gradual death.

While this theory didn’t necessarily imply homicide, it did question the original stomach cancer cause of death findings by the emperor’s doctors. In 2003, a small scrap of Napoleon’s bedroom wallpaper, thought to be the only surviving artifact from Napoleon’s bedroom, was sold at auction. This three-inch scrap was part of an 80-year-old undertaker’s collection.

Death by Doctor?

In 2004, after studying the medical reports, forensic pathologist Dr. Steven Karch from the San Francisco medical examiner’s department contended that Napoleon’s doctors may have unintentionally killed him with daily enemas, leaving his body short of potassium and causing a deadly heart condition.

Final Analysis?

Finally, in 2007, an international medical study confirmed the original autopsy findings, eyewitness reports, and medical records. The telltale symptoms were rapid weight loss and a grainy substance found in the stomach, an indication of gastrointestinal bleeding. Also, there was family history of stomach cancer. Napoleon’s father and a sister died of the disease.

Sources:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/shropshire/3196360.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1364994.stm
http://www.slate.com/id/2139414/
Daniel Kevles, “Don’t Chew the Wallpaper”, Slate Magazine,
“Arsenic Poisoning”, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenic_poisoning
CNN, “Napoleon poisoning theory revived”, http://archives.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/europe/06/01/napoleon.poisoning/
Russell Aiuto, “The Death of Napoleon”, http://www.crimelibrary.com/terrorists_spies/assassins/napoleon_bonaparte/index.html
James Randerson, “Doctors may have killed Napoleon”, http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn6187
Ted Chamberlain, “Napoleon Death Mystery Solved”, http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/01/070117-napoleon.html

Top 5 Killer Cancers

Wednesday, August 13th, 2014

Here are the top 5 killer cancers everyone should know about. Although we know cancer is bad, it is always better to be informed. For most people there is hope. There are things you can do. Start right now getting yourself into a healthy lifestyle and never, ever stop fighting!

1. Lung cancer – It is the most common cause of death due to cancer. Almost 70% of people diagnosed with lung cancer are over 65 years of age. There are less than 3% of lung cancers that occur in people under 45 years of age. There are many things that cause lung cancer. The main one, as we all know, is smoking. If you want to be healthy, don’t smoke.

2. Colon-rectum cancer – It starts in the large intestine or the rectum. Almost all colon cancers start as noncancerous polyps. Then they slowly develop into cancer. What you eat could play a part in your risk of colon cancer. It may be associated with red meat, high-fat and low-fiber diet. Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol are risk factors also.

3. Breast cancer – It kills more women than any other. It usually begins in the cells of the milk producing glands or the passages that drain the milk. Over time they can invade the healthy tissue and make their way into the underarm lymph nodes. Due to genetic abnormalities, 90% of breast cancers happen as a result of the aging process.

4. Stomach cancer – Men are more likely to get stomach cancer than women. It usually begins in the inner layer of the stomach. Over time it can invade more deeply into the stomach wall. The cancer can grow through the stomach’s outer layer into nearby organs. They can spread by breaking away from the original tumor. They enter blood vessels and lymph vessels.

5. Prostate cancer – This cancer is considered a lethal cancer for men. It is the second leading cause of cancer death in men, behind only lung cancer. It usually grows slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland. Some cancers may grow slowly while others may, however, be aggressive and can spread quickly. One in six men will get prostate cancer and one man in thirty six will die of this disease. There are over two million men in the United States that are still alive today, that have had, or who have prostate cancer.

Sources:
Lung Cancer , Medicine Net
Breast Cancer, PubMedHealth: Medical Encyclopedia
Colon Cancer, PubMedHealth: Medical Encyclopedia
Stomach Cancer, Medicine Net
Prostate Cancer, WebMD

The Importance of Salt in Our Diet

Wednesday, August 13th, 2014

Salt is essential to human life and the functioning of the human body, which is why we could never live without it. This is also why in the days of antiquity, salt could be worth more than gold, since you can’t preserve meats with gold, but could easily do so with salt. This was of extreme importance in the days when we lived without refrigeration and modern preservatives.

Without salt, most dishes do not taste that great. Salt adds flavor that is essential to all meals that are not sweet. Salt is also an important nutrient and a very versatile ingredient.

Salt can be used not only to give flavor to food, but also in skin care, tasks around the house and to preserve food.

Salt’s formal name is sodium chloride, and it has been used since antiquity. The sodium contained in salt is an essential nutrient that allows an organism to maintain it’s ionic balance and to retain water to keep hydrated. Without salt we would dehydrate.

There are several types of salt’s and their flavors and colors can vary but their characteristics are similar.

Eating salt

Salt plays an important role in our body and that is why it is necessary to consume 1500 milligrams daily. Salt helps to regulate the volume of blood and blood pressure. 1500 milligrams of salt is actually a very little amount, and most people consume much more than this daily.

The abuse of the salt is common since most of the processed food products we purchase already have salt added to them, and many people add even more salt at mealtime to those products. The foods with the highest contents of salt are processed foods, those with cheeses, fast food, sausages and pickles are among the many foods rich in salt.

Many people feel that foods taste better with salt or large quantities of salt, but it is only because their taste buds have grown accustomed to this taste. Therefore, it is difficult to avoid the abuse of salt but it is important to control it’s consumption.

To reduce salt consumption, you can try replacing it with other flavors. Among these are: lemon, herbs, vinegar or spices. Over time the taste buds become accustomed to the new flavors and they will not miss the flavor of all the excess salt once consumed.

What happens when we consume too much salt?

Excess dietary salt helps the body retain water and can be dangerous for people with hypertension.

People who suffer from kidney disease and those whose parents suffer from hypertension are particularly susceptible to an increase in blood pressure caused by salt.

Other bodily damages that may be caused by too much salt consumption is a contribution to a gradual deterioration of memory and damage to the walls of the small capillaries of the brain. There are people who are not sensitive to salt and consume a lot of it without any issues or problems, but even among these people the excess of salt can cause an inflammation of the gums and throughout the digestive system.

Gastric cancer and osteoporosis have also been linked to excess salt in the diet. Since the consumption of excess salt increases the excretion of calcium in the urine in postmenopausal women, this puts these women in a much higher risk category to develop bone problems such as Osteoporosis.

Why we should consume salt

If we consume the amount recommended by experts in nutrition, salt is vital for our health and well being. It facilitates digestion, helps maintain the correct level of body fluids, allows the transmission of nerve impulses, enables muscle activity and the proper absorption of potassium, and offsets the losses of water caused by excessive sweating, diarrhea and vomiting.

Is salt fattening?

Salt does not add calories to food or liquids and therefore is not fattening. What is certain is that by contributing to the retention of liquids this increases the volume and weight of the body. Drinking enough water helps with the elimination of excess salt.

By being careful about the amount of salt we add to foods and beverages and what salt is already in them, we can enjoy this essential mineral that is so important for the human body.

Strange Objects that Make it into a Child’s Stomach

Wednesday, August 13th, 2014

Children are very curious, and at the younger ages is when you need to worry the most. Many things have been found in side the stomachs of many children, anything from plastic toys to money and batteries. One of the worst would have to be a toy fork found in the stomach of one child, it had to be surgically removed. Other strange objects that had to be surgically removed were batteries because they will corrode and cause problems in the intestines and possibly death. Another would be a magnetic block that was said to reconnect in the stomach and had to be surgically removed one piece at a time.

It seems that if parents are not careful children could die from swallowing any household item or toy they get a hold of, as to the fact they will also swallow anything they can possibly fit in their mouth. Children can seem to pass most items that they swallow but there are objects that need medical attention, be very watchful of your young children as to avoid the medical bill of the emergency room.