Acne: Causes, Types and Treatments

Testosterone often induces acne to come out in athletes who use performance enhancing drugs. Acne fulminansis is caused by testosterone and can have diverse affects on the body that wouldn’t ordinarily be imparted to acne. Symptoms may include:

  • Severe pocking
  • Sore joints
  • Rising and falling fever
  • Diminished appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Speedy attack of acne

Pocking is often found with people who have suffered from acne fulminansis. This comes from collagen that’s formed to cure the cells that have been injured by acne. This oftentimes leads to excessive scarring.

Testosterone comes from cholesterol and is developed in the testicles of the man. Women produce small amounts of testosterone in ovaries. Testosterone courses through the body and then bonds to the androgen receptors. Both men and women have androgen receptors but the two sexes react to them otherwise. Testosterone isn’t only the cause of acne in athletes and it doesn’t have to be performance-enhancing. Testosterone is often the cause of formation of acne at pubescence. It can also affect women later in life too. At pubescence, the testosterone levels increase and drives the body to increase its sebum output and increases the oiliness of skin and hair, inducing eruptions.

Body acne is another condition that is endured by many people and it just goes to show that acne is not confined to the face. Body acne impacts both teenagers and adults. It may come out on their back, neck and shoulders. It can also come out on the chest and buttocks. There are various factors that can cause this acne to happen including:

  • Tight fitting clothing
  • Perspiration
  • Clothing that can’t “breathe”

People who are physically active are often prone to body acne. This is particularly true if they wear clothing such as spandex. Spandex traps fluids against the skin and induces it to block the hair follicles and pores.

Body acne can be like facial acne, but it can surface in some awkward places. Skin that is situated on the body is often denser and more susceptible to friction that is caused by clothing that fits tightly and rubs on the skin.

There are various classes of acne that can range from modest to dangerous. It can be found on several parts of the body. Mild acne can be self-treated, but severe cases are best cared for by a dermatologist or health care provider. The most common type of acne is “common acne,” such as Acne Vulgaris. This type of acne includes your typical whiteheads,blackheads, pustules, papules, nodules and cysts.

Blackheads, or comedones, occur in pores that are partly blocked off. Sebum, dead cells and bacteria will slowly drain to the sking surface and then the black color is caused by the skin pigment being open to air. These often takes a long time to clear up.

Whiteheads are comedones also, but they are slightly different than blackheads. These are caused by pores that are entirely blocked off and deposited under the surface of the skin.

Papules are small reddened bumps on your skin. These incline to be very tender and induce discomfort. These may cause pocking, so try not to touch or squeeze these.

Pustules are red bumps are what we know as pimples or zits. They appear as a red circle with a white or yellow center.

Nodules are much bigger than other kinds of acne. These are severe lumps that come out below the surface of the skin, which can be really irritating and endure for a great deal of time. This kind of acne is very vulnerable to pocking and it is advisable to have them cared for by a skin doctor.

Cysts are very similar to nodules, except that they are satiated with pus. These are often irritating and may pock if left untreated. These should also be treated by a skin doctor.

Acne Conglobata is a relatively uncommon class of acne vulgaris. It can be defacing and cause serious distress both psychologically and physically. These are often very large lesions that form on your face, chest, buttocks, back, upper arms and thighs. It is also followed by blackheads. This often causes damage and lasting pocking. This is often a condition that comes out more in men than in women. This condition is known to endure for several years.

Acne Fulminans is frequently the sudden appearance of Acne Conglobata and is followed by a fever and aching joints. This is commonly cared for with oral steroids.

Gram-Negative Folliculitis condition can be caused by long-term treatment of acne with antibiotic drug* and is a bacterial infection, which causes cysts and pustules.

Pyoderma Facia is a kind of acne that impacts females between the ages of 20 and 40. This can induce very irritating pustules, nodules and cysts. They come out on the face and leave a permanent pocking. This often occurs in women who have never had acne before and often clears up in about a year.

Baby acne often evidences itself as white bumps that come out on the baby’s torso. This is really nothing to worry about and it is very natural. Baby acne is traced back to the hormones that infiltrate the placenta to the baby. The condition may also develop several days or weeks after birth. When the baby experiences the surge of hormones right before birth, they often acquire baby acne. This condition can be soothed with a mild soap and lukewarm water once per day. Do not use lotions or oils as it may exacerbate the skin. You also want to avoid excessive cleansing and scrubbing. Baby acne is not caused by dirt or debris so scouring doesn’t help.

Acne Dysmorphiais not technically a physical condition induced by acne, but it is a mental condition. This can be a very draining illness that may come out with someone who has a preoccupation with deformity. In this situation the person is totally obsessed with acne. They believe that their acne is horrible and that their skin is awful, when in actuality it may not be all that bad. They are often obsessed by checking themselves in a mirror and obsessively checking on their skin flaws.

Billions of people have acne eruptions, but these people are unable to deal with it. In fact, this disorder has nothing to do with acne. This disorder is also related to anorexia nervosa. In anorexia, weight is a trigger; in acne dysmorphia, acne is a trigger. These people are obsessed with their skin and it is not unusual for this type of person to incessantly look in the mirror and obsess about their skin.

Acne dysmorphia has been successfully treated with serotonin reuptake inhibitors as well as hypnosis. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a psychological treatment for depression related disorders. Group therapy sessions with people who suffer from similar troubles have allowed people to relieve themselves from the obsession that they suffer from. People with this condition have also been treated with antidepressants and other medications.

Scalp folliculitis is when the pores on your scalp become clogged. This condition has a diversity of names, but it is simply scalp acne. Scalp acne can impact anyone of any age. This type of acne is not restricted to just the scalp. In fact, it can show up anywhere hair follicles are located including:

  • Armpits
  • Arms
  • Leg
  • Face

These are small pustules that are of a whitish-yellow color. Hair will often rise directly through these pustules. When you pluck at them, they may ooze with sebum and bloodstained pus. The hair may also grow right next to the area, but the pustule is still in the hair follicle. This condition tends to be fairly itchy and people find it difficult not to touch them. The pustules can be situated anywhere on the scalp, but often only impacts a small area. This problem is formed the same way that acne is formed. This acne involves a bacterium that becomes ensnared in the hair follicle. P. acnes is often the perpetrator in this problem. Staphylococcus bacterium is also known to cause this condition. Staphylococcus bacterium is known to induce additional problems such as eye and nose infections.

Some people may acquire scalp folliculitis when they sit in hot baths or other warm and moist locations that are not chlorinated. The temperature softens the scalp and lets the hair follicles be more susceptible to bacteria and infection. Ingrown hairs also cause it, as they are the perfect breeding ground for this bacterium. Other causes include:

  • Diabetes
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Tight clothing
  • Unhealthful conditions
  • Exposure to both heat and humidity
  • Dermatitis
  • Eczema
  • Influenza and common cold*

Scalp folliculitis is contagious and can be passed from one individual to another. People need to be sure to use clean towels. Don’t share items such as:

  • Towels
  • Brushes
  • Combs
  • Hair Accessories
  • Pillow cases

If scalp folliculitis is a persistent problem, be sure to visit a doctor. They will help you to determine if the infection is caused by a bacteria or fungus, which is another factor that can cause this condition. They will help you find an suitable treatment plan as well. Many doctors will prescribe an nonprescription cream that is applied to the area daily. These treatments may be Bacitracin, Neomycin and Mycitracin. These are applied three to four times per day.

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