Archive for the ‘Cancer’ Category

Proactive Cancer Protection Tips to Help Stay Cancer Free

Friday, August 22nd, 2014

To stack the odds against getting cancer in your favor, there are several things that can be done. Quit smoking, wear sunscreen and stay active are three well known, proactive measures to avoiding certain types of cancers. Here are some lesser known proactive cancer protection measures that are effective in the battle to stay cancer free.

Protect Against Colon Cancer With Eggs

If you don’t like fatty seafood like salmon or sardines, and the after taste of fish oil capsules disgusts you, get the omega-3 cancer protection your body needs from eggs.

Research has shown that omega-3’s inhibit the inflammatory compounds that contribute to growth of cancerous polyps in the colon. Eggs are rich in omega-3’s and two eggs will provide as much colon cancer protection as a salmon fillet.

Red Sauce Protects Against Lung Cancer

The colorful pigment that makes tomatoes red, lycopene, significantly reduces the risk of lung cancer. The most proactive cancer protection comes from cooked tomatoes, like those found in red sauces; spaghetti sauce, salsa and canned tomato products. The body absorbs the lycopene easier when the tomato product is cooked.

Garlic Reduces Risk Of Bladder Cancer

Studies have shown that the more garlic you eat, the more resistant your bladder is against cancer. Many processed foods, like lunch meats, hot dogs and bacon, contain nitrates, those nitrates are converted by our body into cancer causing nitrites, which can lodge in the bladder. Garlic helps prevent the nitrates in processed food from converting into nitrites. Eating one clove of garlic per day, raw or cooked, is a proactive step towards preventing bladder cancer. Keeping the bladder flushed out with six glass of water or other water based beverage (tea, coffee, diluted fruit juices) is also a proactive cancer protection step.

Wear Colorful Clothing

Colorful clothing provides more proactive protection against skin cancer than white clothing. Brightly colored clothing reflects away more of the sun’s cancer causing UV rays than pale pastels or white clothing. Dry clothing offers twice the proactive protection from UV rays than wet clothing, so bring an extra T-shirt to change into at the beach or lake.

Aspirin Protects Against Ovarian Cancer

Aspirin lowers the levels of estrogen in the bloodstream. Estrogen fuels cancer cells in the ovaries, taking an aspirin a day or reaching for aspirin instead of acetaminophen or NSAID pain relievers lowers the estrogen level and protects against ovarian cancer.

Two Supplements Protect Against Breast Cancer

The combination of a multi-vitamin and a calcium supplement is powerful in the proactive fight against breast cancer. The two supplements, taken together, help speed up the repair of damaged DNA in the breast before breast cells can turn cancerous.

Throat Cancer Symptoms. Do You Still Smoke?

Monday, August 18th, 2014

Throat cancer affects many areas of the throat like the vocal cords or the larynx. Throat cancer usually affects men. If you smoke or drink a lot of alcohol then you are at great risk. If you combine smoking and drinking alcohol then the risk for throat cancer symptoms to appear is extreme.

Most throat cancer symptoms usually develop in middleaged people older than 50.  The most researched and significant symptoms are:

– Hoarseness encountered for more than 1-2 weeks
– Soar throat encountered for more than 1-2 weeks
– Pain in your neck
– Swallowing difficulties
– Any kind of swellings in your neck
– Unexpected weight loss
– Lasting cough
– Coughing blood
– Change in your voice tone
– Difficulty in breathing

..and the list goes on. That was just the most importand throat cancer symptoms.

The good news is that throat cancer symptoms can be treated succesfully if detected early. The treatment aims at the destruction of the affected throat cells before cancer is spreaded to other parts of your body.

If you are a heavy smoker or drinker it is highly recommended that you visit a doctor every now and then to perform regular tests. Especially if you encounter throat cancer symptoms like hoarseness or change in your voice tone for more than a week or two.

Don’t want to visit your doctor? Here are some of the heavy throat cancer symptoms that may appear as throat cancer grows:

– Great breathing difficulties
– Loss of speaking and voice
– Disfigurement of your face
– Deformity of your skin
– Great swallowing difficulties (many patients cannot eat so they are fed through a feeding tube)

..and the worse thing that can happen is when cancer spreads to other parts of your body. In that case you really can’t cure the symptoms easily.

Signs and Symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer

Monday, August 18th, 2014

Many people suffer from having Laryngeal Cancer especially men. Laryngeal cancer is a form of throat cancer, and is also known as larynx cancer. The larynx is your voice box in your body. When you have Laryngeal Cancer malignant cells are found in your larynx. If your Laryngeal Cancer symptoms are caught soon enough there is hope. That is why it is important to understand the signs and symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer.

Swelling

One of the first symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer that you may experience is swelling. A lump may appear on your neck. That is because of swelling. Your neck usually swells when you have Laryngeal Cancer. It is one of the first things your doctor will check if he or she is checking for throat cancer. If you have swelling of the neck that does not go away, go to your doctor to get checked out.

Hoarseness and Sounds

If you find that you have changes to your voice, you may want to keep an eye on it. Hoarseness that lasts for over two weeks is a problem. It is especially a problem if that hoarseness keeps reoccurring. You also may have a larynx issue if you are making high pitched sounds. These are symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer.

Coughing

Coughing does not automatically mean that you have throat cancer. However, it does indicate that something is wrong with your body. If you have other symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer combined with a cough then you will definitely want to see your doctor. A dangerous symptom of Laryngeal Cancer is when you are coughing you realized that you are coughing up blood. That is never a good sign.

Breathing Problems

Other Laryngeal Cancer symptoms are breathing problems. This can be due to a multiple of issues. For one, the swelling of your neck can make getting air difficult. Coughing a lot can make you have breathing problems. Usually in the late stages of Laryngeal Cancer it will be very difficult to breathe.

Other Symptoms

There are other symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer. You may want to see your doctor if you have unexplained weight loss. Also if you feel pain in your body radiating from your neck to your ear that could indicate that you have throat cancer. You may also have trouble swallowing, and when you do it feels painful. If you have taken antibiotics, and you find that you are still not getting better there might be an issue. If you experience one or more symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer then you may want to see a medical doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Source:

http://health.yahoo.net/channel/laryngeal-cancer_symptoms

Oral Sex Linked to Throat Cancer

Monday, August 18th, 2014

A new study done by the researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center has discovered that oral sex is linked to throat cancer. This study, which was published in the May 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, reveals that the risk was almost nine times higher for people who reported oral sex with more than six partners.

Human papillomavirus (HPV), which can be transmitted during oral sex, is the main cause of oropharyngeal cancer (located in the tonsils, back of the tongue, and throat), researchers found. The study is the first to prove the link. In 2000, study author and cancer virus expert Maura Gillison, M.D., Ph.D. reported that she suspected there was a link between HPV and throat cancer but an extensive study had to be done to prove that possibility.

Researchers compared 100 men and women who were recently diagnosed with throat cancer with 200 similar people without the disease. After doing research on the blood and salvia, and asking sex-related and family history questions, they found that participants who reported having oral sex (fellatio or cunnilingus) with six or more partners were at the highest risk of contacting throat cancer.

HPV16 – one of the most common cancer-causing strains of the virus – was present in the tumors of 72% of cancer patients in the study.

It was also revealed that those with HPV infection were 32 times more likely to develop oropharyngeal cancer. However, the risk is relatively low. People who have an oral HPV infection would probably not get throat cancer, as oropharyngeal cancer is relatively uncommon. HPV infection is said to be a much stronger risk factor than tobacco or alcohol use, meaning that people who were infected with HPV and drank or smoked, there was no added risk. Which suggests that non-smokers or non-drinkers are just as much at risk.

It is known that 80% of sexually active women can expect to contact an HPV infection at some point of their lives, however many women do not know that HPV infection is the cause of the majority of cervical cancers. In most cases, HPV infections will clear with little or no symptoms, but a small percentage of people will develop cancer.

“There is conflicting evidence about the role of HPV, and this rare type of mouth cancer,” Cancer Research UK reports. “As this was a small study, further research is needed to confirm these observations.”

A vaccine, Gardasil, is available which protects against several strains of HPV, including the one linked to oral cancer. Yet it has not been specifically tested in relation to oral cancer.

Mouth and Throat Cancer: Reaching Out to High Risk Groups

Monday, August 18th, 2014

It is estimated that, each year, more than 50,000 people will develop some form of cancer in and around the mouth, tongue, nose and sinuses. With many of these cases of new cancer found in men, there is a growing consumer advocacy to reach out to high risk groups in an effort to prevent these forms of cancer as well as encourage early diagnosis and screening.

Of the many causes of mouth, tongue and throat cancer, tobacco continues to be a leading cause. While many individuals associate lung cancer to the use of tobacco, it is important to understand that any form of cancer, in and around the mouth and throat, can also develop from the use of tobacco.

In addition to tobacco use, individuals who consume large quantities of alcohol on a regular basis, generally more than five, suffer a greater risk for developing throat and mouth cancer. In fact, research has shown that nearly 80 percent of the individuals who suffer from cancers of the mouth, specifically the tonsils and tongue, were heavy daily consumers of alcohol.

So, how do you know if you are at risk for mouth or throat cancer? The most common symptoms of mouth and throat cancer, in the tobacco consumer and alcohol consumer, involve a progressive onset of hoarseness with some progressive difficulty in breathing, complaints of sore throat and lesions in and around the mouth, difficulty swallowing, earache and loss of hearing, and even the onset of frequent nosebleeds.

While many forms of throat and mouth cancer can be treated, the degree to which treatment and remission are possible will depend on early diagnosis and intervention. Surgery, chemotherapy and even radiation therapy are common forms of treatment with many patients suffering life long complications involving loss of speech, hearing and impaired feeding ability.

Following treatment of mouth and throat cancer, the patient will usually require visits, quarterly, for up to five years. If the cancer is in remission beyond five years, the condition is considered healed. However, with the residual impact of the affect on the mouth, tongue, ears and throat, many cancer patients find that, even when the cancer is in remission, their lives will not be the same.

In an effort to reduce the risk for developing these life altering forms of mouth and throat cancer, consumer advocacy agencies, across the country, are reaching out to all members of society but especially in the teenage, college and young adult population. Understanding the risks of regular tobacco use, coupled with consistent and daily alcohol use, can lead to a variety of health complications, including the development of mouth and throat cancer, may lead to a reduction in the number of cancerous cases, especially among men, in the United States.

Michael Douglas, Roger Ebert and Oral (Throat) Cancer — Recovery After Treatment Can Be Difficult

Monday, August 18th, 2014

There has been a renewed interest in oral cancer since actor Michael Douglas recently announced on the David Letterman Show that he was diagnosed with Stage 4 oral cancer at the base of his tongue. He will undergo eight weeks of chemotherapy and radiation.

Not long ago, film critic Roger Ebert appeared on the Oprah Winfrey show and described how his life had been drastically changed since undergoing throat cancer treatment during which his salivary glands, thyroid and vocal chords were removed. He demonstrated his new computer activated voice.

What is oral cancer?

  • Cancer cells found in the throat, mouth, tongue, tonsils or vocal chords are referred to as oral cancer.
  • About 25,000 new cases are reported each year. More than ½ of those diagnosed are men.

What causes oral cancer?

  • Smoking a half pack of cigarettes for at least 15 years.
  • Drinking several alcoholic drinks a day for 10 years.
  • Put smoking and drinking together and the risk is higher.
  • The sexually transmitted human papilloma virus (HPV) has also been a factor in oral cancer diagnosed in those who were not smokers or drinkers.

What are the symptoms of oral cancer?

  • A sore in the mouth that does not heal.
  • High pitched breathing sounds.
  • Cough or coughing up blood.
  • Pain in the throat or mouth area that doesn’t go away.
  • A red or white patch on the tonsils, gums or tongue.
  • A lump or thickening in the tongue, cheek or neck.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Hoarseness
  • A sore throat that does not go away in 2 weeks even with antibiotics.
  • Weight loss.

What is the treatment for oral cancer?

  • Treatment is aimed at completely removing the cancer before it spreads to other parts of the body.
  • When the tumor is small, either surgery or radiation therapy alone can be effective.
  • A larger tumor or one that has spread may require both surgery and radiation to preserve the voice box.

What is the prognosis for oral cancer?

  • Stage 4 oral cancer has an 80% cure rate.
  • Some patients will not need disfiguring surgery. Surgery is reserved for cancer that returns after radiation and therapy. Michael Douglas is getting 8 weeks of radiation and chemotherapy for the walnut size tumor at the base of his tongue.

What is recovery after treatment?

  • The effects of the treatment can be overwhelming.
  • There will be difficulty swallowing and often a tube feeling bypassing the throat is necessary.
  • There may be difficulty chewing, swallowing and talking for a period of time.
  • Saliva production is altered. Swallowing therapy may be necessary.
  • There may be a change in appearance, facial features and weight loss.
  • The patient may be on painkillers and unable to work.
  • The voice may be gone permanently and a new way of speaking must be learned.
  • The Oral Cancer Foundation website has resources and information. Trained therapists are available to help during the recovery process, as well as support groups.

But as one patient remarked, the anxiety that the cancer will return, is ongoing. The mildest sore throat can be terrifying.

Sources:
David Letterman Show
St. Pete Times…Irene Maher.
http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/2759499/roger_ebert_previews_his_new_voice.html?cat=49
https://health.google.com/health/ref/Cancer+-+throat+or+larynx

Living with Throat Cancer. Could it Be Prevented?

Monday, August 18th, 2014

Throat cancer is a catchall term for a variety of head and neck cancers that are a squamous cell type of carcinoma. Throat cancer usually starts out as a tumor that begins developing within the tissue linings of hollow organs. Squamous cells have a propensity to rapidly multiply, and in the process they kill off the healthy cells of the host.

Cancer of the head and neck usually begins as a malignant growth originating in the lip and areas such as the oral and nasal cavity, the larynx, pharynx and thyroid, as well as the sinuses, salivary glands and the lymph nodes in the neck. In time this type of cancer will lead to the death of the patient, unless the progression of the disease is slowed or stopped all together.

Tobacco use, in the form of smoking, chewing and dipping, and alcohol use is the primary cause of most head and neck cancers, which infers that most cases of this type of cancer could have been prevented by not using these agents. Another carcinogenic agent that causes this type of cancer is the chewing of beetle-nut, which is popular in parts of Asia. Beetle-nut comes from the betel palm and is used for its narcotic effect. When chewed over a long period of time, the teeth turn black. It is used in much the same way that men and women around the world use chewing tobacco and dip. Of every 3 percent of new cases of head and neck cancer in the United States annually, 2 percent of those will end in the death of the patient.

“Despite improvements in diagnosis and local management, long-term survival rates in head and neck cancer have not increased significantly over the past 40 years and are among the lowest worldwide of the major cancers. The problem is even worse for select populations such as African Americans, for whom survival rates have actually decreased. Oropharyngeal cancer, the largest subgroup of head and neck cancers, has a 5-year relative survival rate of only 59% for United States whites and 35% for blacks.”

If caught early, some forms of head and neck cancers-especially the oral cavity and larnx-are successful in being cured; however, approximately 60 percent of head and neck cancers will not be diagnosed in time and will advance to the point that they cannot be cured.

The treatment of head and neck cancers is dependent on the severity and extent of the tumor growth, the over-all health and stability of the patient, his/her level of nutrition. The patient has much to decide, whether treatment is a viable option.

If the cancer is diagnosed at stage I or II, ( without regional metastisis ) many times surgery is the option. This type of surgery is called a radical face, or radical neck, or a combination of the two depending on the primary location of the tumor/s. In stages III and IV ( cancers with regional metastisis ), a combination of surgery and radiation, and chemotherapy may be in order.

The radical face and neck surgery consists of excising the tumor and much of the surrounding facial and neck structures that are cancerous. The patient, if he/she survives, may want to have plastic surgery after healing from the radical surgery, because much of the face and neck is gone.

It is my hope that people will become educated early on about the hazards of tobacco use in any form, that it is not only smokers who are prone to develop cancer, but also the habit of chewing and dipping can and does lead to head and neck cancer, in most cases a preventable disease.

Work Cited: Article on throat cancer from Wikipedia encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/throat_cancer

HPV is Causing Cancer in Men- Symptoms of Throat Cancer

Monday, August 18th, 2014

About ten years ago, there was a rise in the cases of abnormal pap smears and cervical cancer in women, which we learned is caused by HPV, the Human Papilloma Virus. As abc news reports, there is an extreme rise in HPV-related throat cancer in men, as a result of oral sex with an HPV infected woman. Gardisil, the vaccine that is currently being used to prevent HPV-related cervical cancers in girls 9 years old and above, is now encouraged for young men who are sexually active. How important is this recent finding of HPV-related throat cancers? According to the American Society of Clinical oncology, HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer in men will surpass the rates of cervical cancer in women by the year 2020.

Symptoms of HPV-related Throat Cancer

With the cases of HPV-related throat cancers on the rise, it is important to know the symptoms of the head and neck cancers now associated with HPV. The National Cancer Institute lists the following symptoms for head and neck cancers:

* a white or red patch on the gums, tongue, or lining of the mouth
* a sore throat that does not go away
* unusual bleeding in the mouth, or swelling of the jaw
* chronic sinus infections that do not respond to treatment with antibiotics
* swelling under the chin, numbness, or paralysis of the muscles in the face, chin, or neck
* ear pain, or ringing in the ears
* difficulty breathing or speaking
* pain when swallowing
* pain in the neck or throat that won’t go away

Prevention

Since HPV is a sexually transmitted disease, the only prevention that is 100% effective is abstinence, but since that is not an option to most people, there are other ways to prevent HPV, and consequently, HPV-related cancers:

* If you do not currently have HPV, get vaccinated. This applies to both women and men. The vaccine protects against the strains of HPV that cause cancer.
* Don’t have unprotected sex ( this goes without saying).
* Limit your sexual partners. Researchers have found a link between multiple sexual partners and HPV.
* If you have HPV, tell your potential partner, so he or she can take precautions against contracting HPV.

Dr. Eric Genden, a chairman of the department of otolarngology in New York, commented to abc news on the rise of HPV-related throat cancers, saying ” I think it’s safe to say that we are on the cusp here of a pandemic, an epidemic that’s about to begin.”

It’s important to raise awareness about HPV vaccinations, and how they are crucial for both women and men. When HPV was linked to cervical cancer years ago, doctors surmised that HPV would relate to other cancers in the future, and they were right. Now HPV is being linked to a rise in throat cancers, as well as other head and neck cancers. Everyone should get vaccinated, and do their part to ensure that HPV is not responsible for cancer epidemics in the near future. Sources:
abcnews.com
cancer.gov

An Insight to Throat Cancer

Monday, August 18th, 2014

It doesn’t matter whether you are a smoker, or used to chewing tobacco, or a frequent alcohol consumer, you are at the highest risk of getting the throat cancer. If you belong to any of the category mentioned above, you might be developing throat cancer if you think you have employed one or all the following conditions: a sore throat, neck or head, a lump in the neck or throat, constantly trying to clear the throat, you voice sounding hoarse, having a tough time swallowing, or there is a change in your voice.

As a smoker, you develop throat cancer at a higher risk. It is recorded that most of the smokers (approximating up to 95 percent) are throat cancer victims. The more you smoke the high is the risk of developing the throat cancer.

Most of the throat cancer cases are preventable. Prevention is a lot present than taking up the treatments. American Cancer Society is available all the time to offer the suggestions and advices on the prevention of throat cancer.

Throat Cancer Symptoms

Throat Cancer leaves several symptoms as indications. If you are a victim of throat cancer, few symptoms that can be identified in you include a headache, having tough time in taking the deep breath, tooth pain, continuous bleeding in the nose all the time, swelling in the throat area.

Treating Throat Cancer

There are several methods for treating a throat cancer. Based on the condition of the throat cancer, any of the following treatments can be employed collectively to treat the throat cancer.

Chemotherapy – chemotherapy deals with the cells which are responsible for throat cancer. It attacks those infected cells and eliminates them. But the side effects that occur due to this procedure are very unpleasant.

Radiation – dosage of radiation depends on the size of the tumor responsible for developing throat cancer.

Surgery – complexity of the surgery depends on the extent and the severity of the throat cancer.

Throat cancer is Preventable

There are several factors which contribute to the development of throat cancer. If you can avoid smoking as much as you can and reduce the intake of the alcoholic beverage, you can greatly reduce the risk of developing the throat cancer.

American Cancer Society is always at help

If you think you have fallen prey of the throat cancer, then you can find the American cancer Society at your help. The Society has a good amount of information on how to treat the throat cancer. Right from the symptoms to the after-care instructions, you will find everything you need in the society.

What is Follicular Thyroid Cancer? Thyroid Health Implications

Monday, August 18th, 2014

Thyroid cancer, of any type, can be a life changing health complication and has become increasingly more common in recent years. For many thyroid sufferers, when thyroid cancer is diagnosed early, the survival rate is quite high and often does not pose life threatening health complications. If you have been diagnose with follicular thyroid cancer, it is important to become familiar with not only your treatment but also what this type of thyroid cancer is and how it differs from other forms of cancer.

Follicular thyroid cancer, while not the most common type of thyroid cancer, is quite progressive and, when diagnosed with it, can be the one type of cancer that can lead to life threatening complications should any arise. When you have a diagnosis of follicular thyroid cancer, therefore, you will want to be sure that you are monitoring this type of cancer more closely than what other patients, with different types of thyroid cancer, may be monitored.

Tumors associated with follicular thyroid cancer often become vascularized and can then invade other parts of the thyroid gland, even spreading to other parts of the body by way of the cardiovascular system. When diagnosed with follicular thyroid cancer, therefore, you will want to be sure you are getting regular testing to determine what other risks for cancer you may have. When the complication of metastasis develops, the greatest risk seems to occur in the lungs and lymph nodes so these are the areas that need to be the most closely watched.

When diagnosed with follicular thyroid cancer, your doctor may initially recommend that you have only the area of your thyroid removed where the cancer has developed. However, because follicular thyroid cancer is the most progressive type of cancer, it is often considered most healthy to simply remove the entire thyroid gland and then begin radiation therapy accordingly. In the long term, this may pose the least possible health risk for recurring cancer.

In an age where medical technology and medicine has advanced, many more adults are being diagnosed with thyroid disorders, including thyroid cancer. If you have been diagnosed with follicular thyroid cancer, it is important to speak with your doctor about the progressive nature of this malignancy, what long term benefits you can get from aggressive surgery, and how to monitor for a possible spread of disease.

Sources: Thyroid Cancer: A Guide for Patients, by D. Van Nostrand, pp. 89-93.